How Do Turtles Poop & Pee? And How Often? Important Facts!

Key Takeaways

  1. Turtles pee and poop through their cloaca, not their mouths, using a single opening located at the base of their tail.
  2. Healthy turtle poop is firm, brown, and may have a white, chalky substance called urate attached to it.
  3. The frequency and appearance of turtle poop depend on factors such as age, diet, and species.
  4. Observing and monitoring your turtle’s poop is important for detecting potential health issues early on and maintaining their well-being.

Ever wondered how your beloved turtle takes care of business?

I remember when I get a pet turtle for the very first time, I was looking around, wondering how they actually poop and pee.

In this blog post, I’ll try to dive into this topic, covering everything from the basics of how they do it to the signs of a healthy and unhealthy turtle poop.

So, let’s jump right in and learn more about these adorable reptiles and their unique ways of pooping.

The Basics of Turtle Pooping

Turtles pee and poop through their Cloaca, they do not poop out of their mouths. Like many other reptiles, Turtles have a unique way of expelling waste.

They have a single opening called the cloaca, which serves multiple functions, including passing feces, urine, and even laying eggs. The cloaca is located at the base of the tail, and turtles use it to expel both solid and liquid waste.

Typically healthy turtle’s poop look like a firm, brown blob, similar in appearance to the poop of small mammals.

It may also have a white, chalky substance attached to it, which is urate – a solid form of uric acid that turtles excrete along with their feces. The presence of urate is normal, but if it becomes excessive, it may indicate dehydration or other health issues.

How Often Do Turtles Poop

How often your turtle poop depends on various factors, such as their age, diet, and species.

Generally, younger turtles tend to poop more frequently, they can poop every day, while older turtles may poop every few days or even once a week.

The type of food your turtle eats also affects its bowel movements. For instance, a diet high in fiber can promote regular bowel movements, while a low-fiber diet may lead to constipation.

Turtle Pooping in Water vs. Land

Aquatic turtles, such as sliders and painted turtles, often prefer to defecate in water. They might release feces while swimming or submerge their rear ends in the water to poop.

Terrestrial turtles, like tortoises and box turtles, typically poop on land. However, some species, like the box turtle, may occasionally soak in water and defecate there too.

Observing your turtle’s poop might not be the most enjoyable task, but it’s crucial for keeping an eye on its health.

Changes in the appearance, consistency, or frequency of your turtle’s feces could indicate underlying health issues that require attention.

Monitoring your turtle’s poop can help you catch potential problems early and ensure your pet stays healthy and happy.

Signs of Unhealthy Turtle Poop

Your turtle’s poop can tell you a lot about its health. Keep an eye out for unusual colors, like black or white poop, which might indicate a health issue.

Diarrhea in turtles is also a cause for concern, as it may be a sign of parasites or poor diet. If your turtle is constipated, it’s essential to address the issue before it becomes severe.

Turtle Poop in Different Species

A. Aquatic Turtle Poop

Aquatic turtles, such as red-eared sliders, painted turtles, and softshell turtles, have adapted to life in the water. Their poop is generally softer and more loosely formed than that of their terrestrial counterparts.

Aquatic turtle poop may sometimes appear as a cloud of debris in the water, making it difficult to spot. These turtles often prefer to defecate while swimming or when their rear ends are submerged in water.

B. Tortoise Poop

Tortoises are terrestrial turtles that spend most of their time on land. Their poop tends to be firmer and more solid than that of aquatic turtles, resembling small, dry pellets or logs.

The consistency of tortoise poop is influenced by their diet, which mainly consists of leafy greens, vegetables, and fruits.

Since tortoises turtles don’t typically defecate in water, you’ll likely find their poop on the ground in their enclosures.

C. Box Turtle Poop

Box turtles, another popular terrestrial type of turtle, have poop that is similar in appearance to that of tortoises. Their feces are usually firm and well-formed, with a dark brown color.

Box turtles also excrete urate, the white, chalky substance commonly found in turtle poop.

Although box turtles spend most of their time on land, they may occasionally soak in water and defecate there as well.

D. Differences in Pooping Habits Among Species

The pooping habits of different turtle species can vary depending on their natural habitat, diet, and other factors.

For example, aquatic turtles that primarily eat insects and fish might have looser, more frequent bowel movements than herbivorous tortoises.

Some species, like the Eastern box turtle, may also be more prone to soaking and defecating in water compared to other terrestrial species.

E. Adapting to Your Turtle’s Pooping Needs

As a turtle owner, it’s essential to understand your pet’s specific pooping habits and needs.

Providing a clean and suitable environment for your turtle to defecate is crucial for its health and well-being.

Ensure that you have proper filtration for aquatic turtles or a designated area for terrestrial turtles to poop, and clean their enclosures regularly to prevent the buildup of waste and bacteria.

Rare footage of a sea turtle having a poo

What baby and adult turtle poop look like?

Baby and adult turtle poop share some similarities, but there can be differences in size and consistency due to their diet and age.

Both baby and adult turtle poop is generally brown in color and has a semi-solid consistency. However, baby turtle poop is typically smaller in size compared to adult turtle poop, as baby turtles eat less and are smaller in size themselves.

The consistency of turtle poop can be affected by their diet. If baby turtles are fed a primarily soft, mushy diet, their feces might be softer and less formed. As they grow and their diet changes to include more solid foods, their poop may become firmer.

Additionally, turtle feces may contain white, chalky urates, which are waste products from their urinary system.

This is normal and can be present in both baby and adult turtle poop. The urates should be separate from the feces and should not be mixed in with it.

How to Clean Turtle Poop?

Cleaning turtle poop effectively is essential for maintaining a clean and healthy environment for your pet.

Here are some guidelines to help you clean turtle poop in both aquatic and terrestrial habitats:

Aquatic Turtles:

  1. Regular water changes: Perform partial water changes (25% to 50% of the tank’s water) every week or as needed, depending on your turtle’s size, the tank size, and the filtration system.
  2. Use a high-quality filter: Invest in a reliable filter system suitable for turtle tanks. Choose a filter rated for at least twice the size of your tank to ensure it can handle turtle waste effectively.
  3. Remove visible waste: Use a fish net or aquarium vacuum to remove visible feces and uneaten food from the tank daily.
  4. Clean the tank: Thoroughly clean the tank and its decorations every few months or as needed. Remove your turtle and any accessories, scrub the tank with a sponge or brush using warm, soapy water, and rinse thoroughly. Be sure to also clean any decorations, rocks, and hiding spots.
  5. Replace filter media: Regularly replace the filter media as recommended by the manufacturer to maintain filtration efficiency.

Terrestrial Turtles:

  1. Spot clean daily: Remove visible feces and uneaten food from the enclosure daily using a reptile waste scooper or a pair of disposable gloves.
  2. Clean the substrate: Replace the substrate or bedding regularly, depending on the type used. For some substrates, this may mean changing it every few weeks, while others may require more frequent replacement.
  3. Disinfect the enclosure: Thoroughly clean and disinfect the enclosure and its accessories every few months or as needed. Remove your turtle and any accessories, scrub the enclosure with a sponge or brush using warm, soapy water, and rinse thoroughly. Be sure to also clean any decorations, rocks, and hiding spots.
  4. Maintain outdoor enclosures: For outdoor enclosures, remove feces and uneaten food regularly, rake or replace substrate as needed, and keep the area clean and free of debris.

In both aquatic and terrestrial habitats, always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water after handling turtle feces or cleaning their enclosure to prevent the spread of bacteria.

By following these cleaning practices, you can help ensure a clean and healthy environment for your turtle.

How to Stay Safe When Cleaning Turtle Feces in Water?

When cleaning turtle feces in water, it’s essential to follow safety precautions to protect yourself from potential health risks, such as bacterial infections.

Here are some tips to stay safe while cleaning your turtle’s habitat:

  1. Wear Gloves: Always wear disposable gloves when handling turtle feces or cleaning their enclosure. This will create a barrier between your skin and any potentially harmful bacteria present in the waste.
  2. Wash Your Hands: Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water after handling turtle feces or cleaning their habitat, even if you wore gloves. This will help remove any remaining bacteria that could cause illness.
  3. Avoid Touching Your Face: While cleaning your turtle’s tank, avoid touching your face, especially your eyes, nose, and mouth. This can help prevent the transmission of bacteria from your hands to these sensitive areas.
  4. Use Dedicated Cleaning Supplies: Keep a separate set of cleaning supplies specifically for your turtle’s habitat. This can include nets, sponges, brushes, and buckets. Do not use these items for any other purpose to avoid cross-contamination.
  5. Disinfect Cleaning Supplies: Regularly disinfect your cleaning supplies by washing them in hot, soapy water and then soaking them in a solution of water and bleach (1 part bleach to 9 parts water) for about 10 minutes. Rinse the supplies thoroughly and let them air dry before using them again.
  6. Dispose of Waste Properly: When cleaning up turtle feces, place the waste in a sealed plastic bag before disposing of it in the trash. This will help contain any bacteria and prevent it from spreading.
  7. Be Mindful of Vulnerable Individuals: If you have young children, elderly family members, or immunocompromised individuals in your household, take extra precautions to ensure their safety. They may be more susceptible to infections from bacteria present in turtle feces.

Does Turtle Poop Smell?

Yes, turtle poop does have a smell. The odor can vary depending on the turtle’s diet, the cleanliness of their environment, and the presence of any health issues.

While it is generally not an overpowering smell, turtle poop can be unpleasant if not managed properly. A well-maintained turtle habitat with regular cleaning and water changes can help control the smell.

Aquatic turtles usually produce more waste than their terrestrial counterparts, so it’s particularly important to maintain good water quality and use an effective filtration system in their tanks.

To minimize the smell of turtle poop, follow these tips:

  1. Clean the habitat regularly: Remove visible feces and uneaten food daily. For aquatic turtles, perform water changes and clean the tank regularly to maintain water quality.
  2. Use a high-quality filter: Invest in a reliable filter system for aquatic turtles. A filter rated for at least twice the size of the tank can help remove waste and maintain water quality, reducing the smell.
  3. Provide a proper diet: Feed your turtle an appropriate, balanced diet to support their digestive system. Overfeeding or feeding the wrong types of food can lead to foul-smelling feces.
  4. Monitor your turtle’s health: Keep an eye on your turtle’s feces for any unusual changes in color, texture, or smell, which could indicate a health issue. Consult a veterinarian if you notice anything concerning.

Turtles, like many other animals, can be affected by parasites. Some common parasites in turtle poop include roundworms and tapeworms.

Roundworms are common in reptiles, including turtles. They can be found in the digestive system, lungs, or other tissues.

In turtles, roundworms such as Ascarids, Strongyloids, and Spirurids are often found in their intestines. These worms can cause weight loss, diarrhea, and lethargy in infected turtles.

Tapeworms are flat, ribbon-like parasites that can live in the intestines of turtles.

They attach to the intestinal lining and absorb nutrients from the turtle’s food. Tapeworms can cause weight loss, poor growth, and digestive issues in infected turtles.

Turtle Poop and Diet

The food your turtle eats plays a significant role in the quality of its poop.

For example, a diet high in fiber can help prevent constipation, while overfeeding your turtle might lead to diarrhea.

Make sure to feed your turtle a balanced diet and adjust the feeding frequency based on its age and activity level.

Coprophagy: When Turtles Eat Their Own Poop

Coprophagy is the act of consuming feces, which is observed in various animal species, including some turtles.

While it may seem odd or even disgusting to us, this behavior can serve a purpose in some cases.

Turtles might eat their poop to re-ingest nutrients or beneficial gut bacteria that were not absorbed during the initial digestion process.

Reasons for Coprophagy in Turtles

  1. Nutrient Absorption: Turtles may eat their feces to reabsorb nutrients that weren’t fully digested the first time around. This can be particularly beneficial for turtles that consume a diet high in fibrous plant material, as their digestive systems might not break down the food entirely during the first pass.
  2. Gut Bacteria: Consuming feces can also help turtles maintain a healthy balance of gut bacteria, as their poop contains beneficial microbes that aid in digestion. By eating their feces, turtles can reintroduce these bacteria into their gastrointestinal tract, promoting a healthy gut microbiome.
  3. Curiosity: Sometimes, turtles might eat their feces simply out of curiosity or boredom. In these cases, providing your turtle with a stimulating environment and plenty of opportunities for enrichment can help discourage this behavior.

Preventing Coprophagy in Pet Turtles

To prevent coprophagy in your pet turtle, follow these tips:

  1. Diet: Ensure your turtle receives a balanced and species-appropriate diet. A well-rounded diet can help your turtle obtain all the necessary nutrients it needs, reducing the urge to eat feces.
  2. Cleanliness: Regularly clean your turtle’s enclosure to remove feces as soon as possible. By keeping the environment clean, you reduce the chances of your turtle encountering and consuming its feces.
  3. Enrichment: Provide your turtle with an engaging and enriched environment to prevent boredom. This may include hiding spots, climbing opportunities, and items to interact with, which can help keep your turtle occupied and less likely to engage in coprophagy.

When to Be Concerned

Occasional coprophagy might not be a cause for alarm, but if your turtle starts eating feces frequently or displays other signs of illness, it’s essential to consult a veterinarian. A professional can help identify any underlying health issues that might be contributing to this behavior and recommend appropriate treatments or changes in care.

Keeping Your Turtle Healthy

Monitoring your turtle’s poop is an essential part of keeping it healthy.

If you notice any changes in the appearance or frequency of your turtle’s poop, it might be time to take your shelled friend to the vet.

Also, don’t forget to maintain a clean habitat to prevent the spread of diseases.

Is Too Much Turtle Poop in Water a Problem?

Yes, too much turtle poop in the water can be a problem for both your pet turtle’s health and the cleanliness of their environment.

Excessive turtle poop in the water can lead to several issues:

  1. Water Quality: A buildup of feces in the water can cause a decline in water quality, leading to increased ammonia and nitrite levels, which can be toxic to turtles. Maintaining good water quality is crucial for the health of aquatic turtles, as poor water conditions can lead to respiratory infections, shell rot, and other health issues.
  2. Bacterial and Parasitic Infections: Excess waste in the water can create a breeding ground for harmful bacteria and parasites. These organisms can cause infections in your turtle if the water isn’t kept clean.
  3. Unpleasant Odors: Large amounts of turtle poop can lead to foul odors in your turtle’s tank or pond, making the area less enjoyable for both you and your pet.
  4. Algae Blooms: An abundance of waste in the water can contribute to excessive nutrient levels, promoting the growth of algae. While some algae are harmless, excessive growth can be unsightly and may lead to oxygen depletion in the water, causing stress to your turtle.

To prevent these problems, follow these tips:

  1. Regular Water Changes: Perform regular water changes to maintain good water quality. For aquatic turtles, it’s typically recommended to change 25% to 50% of the water in their tank or pond every week, depending on the size and filtration system.
  2. Filtration: Invest in a high-quality filtration system suitable for turtle tanks. Turtles produce more waste than fish, so it’s essential to have a filter that can handle their waste effectively. Opt for a filter rated for at least twice the size of your turtle’s tank to ensure optimal performance.
  3. Tank Size: Provide your turtle with an appropriately-sized tank or pond. A larger water volume can help dilute waste and maintain better water quality.
  4. Cleaning: Regularly remove visible feces and uneaten food from the water to minimize waste buildup. You can use a net, gravel vacuum, or siphon to clean the tank or pond effectively. Here is the post how to keep your turtle tank clear.
  5. Monitor Turtle Diet: Feed your turtle an appropriate diet and avoid overfeeding, as this can lead to increased waste production. Providing the right amount of food will help reduce the amount of poop your turtle produces.

By maintaining a clean environment and managing waste effectively, you can prevent issues related to turtle poops too much in the water and keep your pet healthy and happy.


Understanding your turtle’s poop may not be the most glamorous aspect of pet ownership, but it’s an essential part of ensuring their health and well-being.

So the next time you spot a brown blob in your turtle’s tank or enclosure, you’ll know that it’s just part of the circle of life for these fascinating creatures.

Keep an eye on their poop, and you’ll be well on your way to being a responsible and knowledgeable turtle owner.

About David Nitta

I am a lifelong lover of turtles and have dedicated years of research to understand and care about this wonderful creature. I regularly post blogs, mostly from what I read and my own experience, covering everything from turtle care, health, feeding habits, habitat setup, and so much more.